Under the Jones Act, “seamen” who are injured in their line of work or suffer occupational illness are entitled to compensation for their medical care, lost wages, and sometimes other financial damages. However, whether you are considered to be a “seaman” under the law is important to your recovery—and the definition may not be as obvious as you think.
Who Is a “Seaman” Under the Jones Act?
The text of the Jones Act itself does not define a “seaman.” Rather, court cases interpreting who is eligible for Jones Act relief have defined the term over time. Ultimately, the Supreme Court developed a three-part test to determine if an individual counts as a “seaman” within scope of the Jones Act:
- Are you professionally attached to a vessel that navigates on the water?
- Do you have a substantial employment connection to this vessel or fleet of vessels in terms of time served or the nature of your duties?
- Do your duties make a significant contribution to the function of the vessel?
With the Jones Act, seamen are afforded some of the greatest protections in American law. But, without a clear statutory definition of the term "seaman," it is often necessary to talk over the details with an attorney to determine if you qualify for these special protections awarded to those who spend their lives working at sea.
Job Positions Usually Covered by the Jones Act and Other Maritime Laws
If you meet the basic requirements to be considered a seaman, your position on the vessel does not matter. The Jones Act covers all kinds of positions, including:
- Commercial fisherman
- Ferry worker
Temporary workers, some contractors, and passengers are generally excluded, but most other positions working on or near the water are generally covered. Although they don’t qualify for Jones Act benefits, passengers and non-employees who are injured on a ship or as a result of an accident on the water may have other options for recovery. If you have any questions about your rights, don’t be afraid to talk it over confidentially with an attorney who is familiar with maritime laws and injury claims.
Types of Vessels That Jones Act Seamen Work On
The type of vessel you work on can also have an impact on whether or not you qualify as a “seaman.” For the purposes of the Jones Act, the word “vessel” can be applied to a number of different structures and ships, such as:
- Drill ships
- Crew boats
- Floating cranes
- Cargo ships
- Cruise ships
- Fishing boats
- Ferry boats
- Jack-up rigs
- Semi-submersible vessels
- Supply boats
Keep in mind, too, that a common misunderstanding about the Jones Act is that people think you have to be injured while a vessel is in the water in order for this law to apply. This is not how the Jones Act works. Even if you are injured while docked or on land, you may have a valid Jones Act claim. As long as you were required to work on a vessel at the time of your injury, it doesn’t matter whether you were on this vessel or on the water.
Some Workers Who Don’t Qualify for the Jones Act Still May Qualify for Other Compensation for an Injury
There are other workers who do not qualify as “seamen” but still work on or near the water. While they may not qualify for Jones Act benefits, they may have rights under other maritime laws. For example, the Longshore and Harbor Worker's Compensation Act (LHWCA) covers some injured workers who don't qualify as “seamen” under the Jones Act, including:
- Dock workers
- Harbor workers
The types of benefits awarded under the Jones Act, LHWCA, and other laws can differ greatly, so it’s important to get informed about your rights and the benefits you can pursue as soon as possible after you’ve been hurt.
Contact Our Experienced Attorneys Today for Answers About the Jones Act and Injury Benefits
If you have been hurt while working on just about any type of vessel, there is a good chance that you are eligible for benefits under the Jones Act or other laws. However, not every claim is successful, and sometimes it might not even be necessary to pursue a claim at all. Because Jones Act claims can be complicated, we urge you to seek legal guidance before you decide whether or not you want to pursue a claim. Keep in mind that, while many maritime employees are covered by the Jones Act, not all employees are protected in every situation.
For more information about your rights, we invite you to download a free copy of our report, The Insider’s Guide to Winning Your Jones Act Case. Or, to start investigating your case with one of our experienced attorneys right away, please contact us at 877-724-7800.