While there has been active and somewhat effective anti-piracy enforcement in some high-risk areas, such as the Gulf of Aden, other areas have seen a steep rise in pirate activity—and many areas remain dangerous despite anti-piracy measures. While this can be attributed to a number of factors, it does point to one of the major issues with controlling a piracy problem that spans nations and international waters—if enforcement is heavy in one area, pirates can simply move on to more “inviting” waters and use economic and political barriers to their advantage.
Multiple ongoing measures have been taken by a number of parties to reduce the number of pirate attacks on vessels, including:
- Legislation and enforcement – Nations, militaries, and even the United Nations have been actively involved in developing legislation and enforcement activity to control international piracy in high-risk areas.
- Better warning systems – A big effort has been made to post warnings about high-risk areas, helping vessels prepare for or avoid recently affected areas.
- Better defense of ships – As more and more vessels are attacked, owners and operators must better defend their crews, including providing adequate security and safety training for high-risk areas.
Although a perfect solution to modern-day piracy has not yet been found, anti-piracy measures continue to evolve, and fewer ships are heading into these areas unaware and unprepared.
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